• Staff
  • Board of Directors
  • Contact Us

Meridian Institute

How Weeds Could Help Feed Billions in a Warming World

Summary posted by Meridian on 6/9/2014

Source: Yale Environment 360 (5 Jun 2014)

Author(s): Lisa Palmer

Weeds are one of the largest single limitations to global crop yield, yet they also have traits that are useful to plant growth. Plant breeders and plant physiologists are studying how these traits could improve productivity in cultivated crop varieties. Such cross breeding could play an important role in boosting harvests in a warming world. Wild lines of important staple crops such as wheat, oats and rice – weeds – have genetic characteristics that may be useful in adapting their domesticated cousins to an uncertain future. Lewis Ziska, a plant physiologist with the United States Department of Agriculture’s Agricultural Research Service, studies weeds in food production and human health. Ziska works with the weed red rice, which looks like cultivated rice, but once it gets in a field, it becomes a fierce competitor, and can cut a farmer’s yield by 80 percent. Although it is edible, it is almost impossible to harvest as the seeds shatter when they hit the ground. According to Ziska, the goal is to transfer red rice’s hardy traits into the more commonly cultivated rice crops. The world’s population is expected to reach 9.6 billion by 2050, and the demand for rice and other cereals is expected to rise by 14 percent per decade. Climate change is likely to cut into some of those crop yields – high temperatures stress rice plants, limit growth and shorten growing seasons; increasing carbon dioxide causes weeds to outpace crop growth. Ziska says weeds could be a key part of the solution. “The feral cousins of today’s crops may allow us to adapt to meet food security needs,” he says. “This paradox of weeds I find fascinating. Let’s turn lemons into lemonade.”

The original article may still be available at http://e360.yale.edu/feature/how_weeds_could_help_feed_billions_in_a_warming_world/2772/

As tagged by Meridian Institute:

Stakeholders: AcademiaGovernment

Regions: North America

Topics: Food securityGenetic resourcesProduct developmentScientific research

Food Security and AgBiotech News

  • Using the Genes of Israeli Wheat to Fight Climate Change

    The Jewish Daily Forward (20 Aug 2014) (8/21/2014)

    Around the world, this article states, climate change and population growth have agricultural experts increasingly worried. Poor countries, in addition to the usual battles with pests and diseases, no... more

  • The Problem with G.M.O. Labels

    The New Yorker (20 Aug 2014) (8/21/2014)

    In this opinion piece, Michael Specter, a staff writer with The New Yorker, writes that Americans spend a lot of time worrying about what is in their food. The overwhelming majority of Americans say t... more

  • Genetically Modified Corn Approved, Farmers Still Wait for Permission to Plant

    VietNamNet (19 Aug 2014) (8/21/2014)

    The Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development (MARD) in Vietnam has approved the use of four varieties of genetically modified (GM) corn for animal feed, but farmers can only grow the varieties on... more

  • Govt Approves Fines for Improper GMO Labeling

    RT (19 Aug 2014) (8/20/2014)

    The Russian cabinet this week approved a bill that introduces heavy fines for business people who violate the rules requiring obligatory marking of foods containing genetically modified (GM) products.... more

  • Court Rules in Elevator’s Favor in Biotech Dispute

    Capital Press (19 Aug 2014) (8/20/2014)

    A United States federal appeal court has ruled that Syngenta cannot force the Bunge grain elevator company to accept its Agrisure Viptera variety of genetically modified (GM) corn. Bunge, in 2011, had... more

More News

XML

Really, read some more.